Natural resources.  70% below the poverty line.

In Sierra Leone has a population of six million whereof one million live in the capital Freetown. The official language is English, nevertheless besides several ethical languages the most spoken language a colloquial language called Krio. 70 percent of the population are Moslem, 20 percent are Christians. The remaining 10 percent belong to nature religions – they all live in harmony.

Sierra Leone is a presidential republic, member of Commonwealth and since 27 April 1961 an independent nation on their way to a democracy. Since the independency Sierra Leone has suffered from varying governments, coups, invasions from Liberia and last but not least a brutal Civil War which lasted 10 years.

Even though Sierra Leone is rich in natural recourses, it ranks to one of the ten poorest countries in the world. 70 percent of the population live below the poverty line and have 1€ per day to survive. Since 2002, when the Civil War ended, the educational system as well as the private-business sector is in a hopeless condition.

A very young population. Without hope.

 

The population in Sierra Leone is very young. Almost half of the population is less than 15 years old. 2/3 can’t either read, write or calculate. The rate of unemployment is about 65 percent. The young people are hopeless, the social peace is in danger.

During the Civil War more than 120.000 people died and thousands of people were mutilated and expelled. Both, governmental troops and rebels, used child soldiers and caused not only physical but also serious mental harm.

The country shows a big deficit as far as the health care is concerned. Only a few cities have the possibility to advise and provide the inhabitants. There is a lack of medical equipment, hospital beds and medication. Many people cannot use medical advice because the treatment needs to be paid in advance. Health insurance does not exist. Especially the people from rural parts of the country suffer due the long distances. The death rate of young children und mothers is one of the highest worldwide. 

Common diseases are malaria, dengue fever, cholera, yellow fever, parasite infestation, hepatitis A and B and AIDS. One of the toughest challenges for the health care system is the treatment of in the civil War injured, mutilated, traumatized people and genital mutilated women.

Ebola.

Since mid of 2014 the Ebola epidemic compromised the life oft the people in Sierra Leone.
The center management has realized two awareness campaigns and given out first-aid-kits (consisting of hand sanitizer, soap and water disinfectant) to 600 families in collaboration with the Social Business foundation. So Bonthe is – thanks to this preventive measures- the least by the Ebola epidemic affected part of the country.